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World Thyroid Day: What is a Thyroid? Is the disease fatal?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland on the side of the neck. The biggest problem with thyroid is that about One third of people don’t even know they have the disease. This disease is more common in women. About 445 women have thyroid problems in the first three months of pregnancy and childbirth.

Renowned endocrinologist Dr Bellam Bharani from Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India has spoken to the BBC about this. “This gland produces hormones that work well for the heart, brain and other parts of the body,” he said. It enables the body to use energy and keep it warm. ‘

“In a way, this gland works like a body battery,” he says. If this gland secretes more or less hormones, then thyroid symptoms start to appear. ‘


When the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones for the body, it is called ‘hypo-thyroidism’. At this time, the human body is like a toy that has run out of batteries. The body is not as active as before and the patient gets tired quickly. ‘


On the other hand, if the thyroid gland starts producing more hormones, this problem is called ‘hyperthyroidism’. In this case, the patient’s condition is similar to that of a person who has consumed too much caffeine.


The third condition is swelling of the thyroid gland, called goiter or esophagus. If the drug does not heal, it may need to be surgically healed.

Is this problem fatal?

Failure to recognize hypothyroidism in time can lead to many brain problems. At the same time, hyperthyroidism causes the heart rate to increase and decrease, which can lead to heart disease.


In the case of hypothyroidism, a decrease in sodium levels can lead to coma. If the problem is not identified after the baby is born, their mental development may stop. Her IQ level may be low.


Since this problem can be easily cured by treatment, it is not advisable to ignore this disease. Otherwise the future of the child may be in danger. If this happens to school going children then their development may be stopped.


Both of these thyroid problems can be fatal if not diagnosed in time.